employment market, based on big data of online recruit

 this year was 1.68, down from 1.91 in the first quarter of 2018. Although the figure was above 1, the balance line, it was the first decline since the beginning of 2018.

About 8.34 million new college graduates and 2 million migrant workers are expected to enter the job market this year. Added to the list of job seekers woul

d be those who lose their jobs because of the industrial structural transformation and special type of job see

kers such as veterans. This means at least 12 million urban jobs have to be created this year.

Still, the employment pressure this year is not overbearing for two re

asons. First, the number of job seekers has not increased considerably from last year.

In fact, the number and ratio of China’s working-age people have both d

eclined for the seventh consecutive year. Over the past seven years, China’s working-age

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The world’s second-largest economy maintained its fore

eign exchange reserves at $3.095 trillion at the end of April. The reserve amount was stable, altho

ugh it slightly retreated from $3.098 trillion at the end of March, according to the State Administration of Foreign Exchange.

Li Yang, director of the National Institution for Finance and Development of the Chinese Academy

of Social Sciences, said that China is unlikely to sacrifice foreign exchange reserves to de

fend its currency, even if depreciation pressure rises amid any escalation in trade tension.

In May, the offshore RMB exchange rate against the US dollar dropped more than 3 percen

t under market pressure as global investors worried about the escalation of trade friction.

Guo Shuqing, Party secretary of the People’s Bank of China, the central bank, said on Monday that higher US tariffs on Chin

a’s imports triggered financial market volatility, and this also affected the offshore RMB.

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The debate seems to be generating wide interest in Chi

 China, with related hashtags getting more than 150 million views on Weibo.

Eunice Yoon, Beijing bureau chief and Inside China host at CNBC Interna

tional, tweeted to Regan that 120 million people viewed a Chinese hashtag that she tran

slated to: “Fox News female anchor challenges debate after being accused by CCTV for being emotional”.

Yoon, incidentally, was a former classmate of Regan’s at Phillips Exeter Academy, a prep school in New Hampshire.

“Seeing the kind of reaction online, I want to say, it’s important for us to have a meaningfu

l discussion to try to understand each other better. I appreciate the opportunity,” Liu wrote on May 24.

Liu has been working at CCTV since 1997, after graduating from Nanjing University’s English studies program.

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Liu told Regan that China has made its position very cl

lear that if the US treats the Chinese negotiating team with respect and shows the willingness to talk wit

hout using outside pressure, there is a high possibility that there could be a productive trade deal.

“Otherwise, I think we might be facing a prolonged period of problems for both sides,” she said.

Regan, at the close of their 15-minute talk, said again, “No one wan

ts trade wars. But we have to think long hard about the right next steps.”

Liu, however, did counter an assertion by Regan that China’s government controls its entire economy.

“Everybody thinks that China’s economy is state-owned, state-controlled, every

thing is state, state, state. Let me tell you that is not the true picture,” Liu said. “We are a

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When asked if China will stop exporting rare earth mat

aterials to the US, Gao Feng, the ministry’s spokesman, said China

has been the world’s largest supplier of rare earth materials and has always been keen to m

eet the demand of its trade partners on this material to promote the rare earth industry.

The ministry made the remarks after the Trump administration starting May 10 raised tariffs on Chinese goods and rest

ricted Huawei’s business operations, which has harmed the interests of companies and financial markets on both sides.

“While satisfying domestic demand, China is always willing to fulfill other coun

tries’ rightful needs for rare earth materials,” he said. “But if any country plans to use the rare earth materials that Ch

ina exports to make products that will suppress China’s development, it is not acceptable.”

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The meeting highlighted the importance of strengthen

 innovative capabilities as well as opening-up and cooperation in this regard, and called for improving the services and

environment for opening-up and cooperation so that development is promoted through opening-up, inn

ovation is advanced through reforms and win-win results are achieved through cooperation, it said.

Tough and newly emerging problems should be resolved through deepening reforms, the statement said, adding that the

capability of dealing with challenges and preventing risks should be intensified.

The meeting required Shanxi province, a coal-abundant area in North Ch

ina, to conduct pilot reforms in its energy industry and take the lead in the whole cou

ntry in areas such as promoting clean and low-carbon energy use and enhancing innovatio

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Belt, Road high on China-Niger agendaming ceremoident

China and Niger should enhance Belt and Road cooperation and implemen

t major projects in areas such as infrastructure, energy and agriculture, President Xi Jinp

ing said on Tuesday. Xi made the remark while meeting with Niger’s President Mahamadou Issoufou at the Gre

at Hall of the People in Beijing. Issoufou is paying a state visit to China from Sunday to Thursday.

Witnessed by the two leaders, China and Niger signed a number of cooperation documents after their talks. Xi appre

ciated Issoufou’s efforts in promoting the China-Niger and China-Africa friendship over the past few years. Not

ing that China and Niger are good friends, partners and brothers, Xi said that the two countries have enhanced mu

tual political trust and have achieved fruitful outcomes in practical cooperation in several areas.

China would like to work with Niger to jointly implement the outcomes of the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Afri

ca Cooperation, strengthen strategic cooperation and bring more benefits to the people of both countries.

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The Sino-US trade tensions have had a limited impact

mpact on China’s financial markets and the effects will be “even smaller” in the future, Guo said.

Yi Huiman, chairman of the CSRC, also pledged earlier in May to continuously enhance the quality of listed firms as part of s

upply-side reforms in the financial sector to promote the high-quality development of the real economy.

The National Development and Reform Commission, China’s top economic planner, said on

Tuesday that the country is willing to continue supplying rare-earth metals to world markets but is oppo

sed to those who use products made with such rare earths to “suppress and dampen China’s development”.

It also said that the industries of China and the United States are highly compleme

ntary. Cooperation will benefit both countries while confrontation will only undermine their interests, it said.

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Ameesha Chauhan, who is in a hospital in Kathmandu

andu recovering from frostbite she contracted during crowded conditions, told AFP that cli

mbers without basic skills should be barred to prevent a recurrence of this year’s deadly season.

The 29-year-old Indian had to wait 20 minutes to come down from the peak. She saw some clim

bers without basic skills fully relying on their Sherpa guides. Officials should change the qualification cri

teria. Poorly trained climbers put their own lives at risk and also the lives of the Sherpas, Chauhan said.

Some climbers died due to their own negligen

ce. They insisted on reaching the top even when their oxygen was running out, she added.

New European Parliament reflects divided policy options

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So far EU ministers have only agreed a modest mandat

 to discuss reductions in tariffs in industrial goods and to seek agreement on conformity assessments. EU Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom is opp

osed to any quota agreement on cars and has lambasted the national security excuse put forward by the White House.

The most prominent supporter of free trade is the center-right European People’s Party which lost sea

ts largely to right-wing parties opposed to free trade, and to the Greens which want tougher conditions attached to trade deals.

The center-left Socialists are also broadly in support of free trade but lo

st seats, while the pro-trade Liberals (the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe) gai

ned seats. But the Liberals are now aligned with French President Emmanuel Macron’s En Ma

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