All of the respondents said they wanted to install the app

pplication software platforms of the Fengyun satellites for weather forecasting, as well as climate and environment monitoring.

They also requested a range of services, especially in monitoring rainfall, droughts, dust stor

ms, heavy fog and lightning, in addition to training courses on Fengyun meteorological satellite data ana

lysis, remote-sensing applications and data collection.

Many countries along the Belt and Road have high mountains, deserts, oc

eans and a lack of accurate meteorological information. The number of me

teorological disasters in the regions is more than double the global average, the administration said.

Wei Caiying, deputy general-director of the National Satellite Meteorol

ogical Center, said that real-time disaster monitoring by meteorological satellites co

uld provide these countries with a scientific basis for disaster prevention and reduction.

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The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the ki

inds of market-driven reforms needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in resear

ch and development, but it should be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

Nobody likes competition against themselves. So, it must be admitted that China’s transition to a high-tech, high-

value-added economy will come as a shock to many companies around the world. The US economy, which has about 7

percent of GDP in high-tech manufacturing, will be lightly affected by this change.

On the other hand, advanced manufacturing contributes around 20 percent of GDP in Sout

h Korea, Japan, Germany and a few smaller European countries. They will be much more directly affected.

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Chinese exporters have from 20 to 50 percent of the

 US market in other low-value-added markets, plus electrical machinery and equipment, mechanical

appliances, and iron and steel. In most other categories, China has less than 20 percent of the US market.

China also assembles and then exports a lot of phones, computers and other gadgets to the US. But, most of the profits and

wages go to Japanese or South Korean component producers or US-based designers. For example, China ma

kes less than $9 from each iPhone. The total price of a phone is ridiculously counted as a Chinese export to the US.

It’s a good thing that China is no longer a low-wage country. Most Chinese

are much better off than they were even 10 years ago. But it does mean that these lo

w-skilled, labor-intensive industries will be moving to less-developed nations. US tariffs on such products will only se

rve to hasten the transition to higher value-added industries that China has to make anyway.

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Xi’s speech on opening-up is well receivedpolicies

President lays out proposals to encourage foreign investment, guarantee fair competition

The measures that President Xi Jinping recently proposed to encourage foreign investment and further opening-up in Ch

ina are welcome developments that address the international community’s concerns, according to experts.

“The promises made are very positive, and all of them are helpful,” William Over

holt, senior research fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, said of Xi’s keynote speech at the

opening of the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.

Xi brought up a series of reform and opening-up measures, including expanding market acce

ss for foreign investment in more areas and working harder to ensure the implementation of opening-up policies.

China’s pledges included shortening its negative list for foreign investments, opening up more sect

ors to foreign businesses, guaranteeing fair competition and planning new free-trade zones and ports.

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Local media showed through YouTube image

 of opposition leader Juan Guaido outside the aviation military base La Carlota, located in Altamira in the east of Caracas.

He called on civilians and military to act against the government and urged Maduro to step down.

Venezuela’s Communication and Information Minister Jorge Rodriguez said on Tues

day that the government is deactivating a small group of soldiers who attempted a coup d’etat.

“At the moment we are facing and deactivating a small group of traitor military

personnel who positioned themselves in the Altamira to attempt a coup d’etat,” Rodriguez said.

“The FANB (National Bolivarian Armed Forces) stand firm in defense of the National C

onstitution and its legitimate authorities,” said Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino Lopez in his Twitter account.

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hina’s energy consumption hits five-year record

Growth in China’s energy consumption remains robust while the forms

of energy continued to diversify in 2018, according to an annual report on China’s energy devel

opment released Sunday by the China Electric Power Planning and Engineering Institute.

Total energy consumed last year reached 4.64 billion metric tons o

f standard coal, a year-on-year growth of 3.3 percent – a five-year record, according to the report.

Consumption of clean energy, including natural gas, hydropowe

r, nuclear power and wind power, accounted for 22.1 perc

ent of energy consumption last year, up 1.3 percent compared with the same period in 2017.

Non-fossil energy accounted for 14.3 percent, up 0.5 percentage points year-on-year, the report said.

China produced 3.77 billion tons of standard coal last year, up 5 percent year-on-year, a seve

n-year high. It has also become the world’s largest natural gas importer, with a heavier reliance on energy imports.

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China welcomes financial institutions around the worl

 to participate in financing Belt and Road projects, Xi said, adding that multiple participants will bring common benefits.

Xi announced that China will support 5,000 people from innovative sectors in Belt and Road

countries in conducting exchanges, training programs and joint research in the next five years.

Xi called for joint efforts to facilitate trade and investment and oppose protectio

nism, saying that the flow of products, funds, technology and people can propel forces for economic growth.

According to Xi, more than 150 countries and internat

ional organizations have signed cooperation documents to jointly build the Belt and Road.

The BRI has opened new space for global economic growth and

built a new platform for international trade and investment, Xi said.

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As President Xi has said, the initiative originated from

China, but it belongs to the world. China has put forward the idea of boosting global development vi

a infrastructure connectivity, and is working zealously to translate it into reality. This is based on wha

t the country learned from its own rags-to-riches story, its own experience of the benefits of free trade and inte

rnational cooperation, and on its understanding of the role a responsible major country must play.

The forum’s growing list of distinguished guests is credible testimo

ny that more and more countries appreciate the initiative‘s win-win nature and long-term pote

ntial. With 126 countries and 29 international organizations signing cooperation agreements with China und

er the Belt and Road framework, and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank now boasting 97 members, it is m

ore appropriate to call the initiative a global development mechanism than a Chinese one.

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The country will continue to deepen supply-side stru

ctural reform and consolidate outcomes in its efforts to cut overcapac

ity, reduce excess inventory, deleverage entities and lower costs, the statement said.

More efforts will also be made to strengthen the dynamics of micro-entities, im

prove industry chains and ensure unimpeded flow of goods and services in the national economy.

The meeting also pledged major new outcomes through enhanced reform and opening-up.

More work will be done to seize new opportunities, improve scientific

and technological innovation capacity and speed up green development, said the st

atement, which also stressed the need for the country to take part in the reform of the global economic governance system.

It is also important to resolutely guard against the practice of forma

lities for formalities’ sake and excessive bureaucracy, as well as prevent fraud to ens

ure implementation of requirements set in the Central Economic Work Conference.

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trade hitting $682 billion last year, said Zhang Min

 head of the Chinese Mission to the EU. So far, 22 European countries have signed memorandums of understanding with Chi

na to promote the Belt and Road Initiative, with Italy and Luxembourg the most recent examples, he said.

Chen Fengying, a senior researcher at the China Institutes of Contemporary International

Relations, said that Li’s European trip is to further enhance high-level exchanges and political trust between

China and the EU, following President Xi Jinping’s visit to Italy, Monaco and France last month.

Both sides support the multilateral trading system and face challenges posed by risin

g protectionism and unilateralism to economic globalization and multilateralism, Chen said. On the global geopoliti

cal stage, China is developing at a very fast pace with an enormous economic scale, Chen said.

“As a huge market, China has reiterated its opening-up (policy) to the ou

tside world, including to European countries. Therefore, both sides should strengthen cooper

ation and exchanges in areas such as trade, investment and the Belt and Road Initiative,” she said.

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